Important Questions for Class XII Board Exam – Physics – I

This article contains all the important theoretical questions for Physics – Class 12 CBSE Board Exam. The questions has been distributed chapter-wise. Set of these 10-15 questions per chapter will ensure more than 60% marks in Board Exam.

Electrostatics

  1. Derive an expression for the electric field at a point on the axial position of an electric dipole.
  2. Derive an expression for the electric field at a point on the equatorial position of an electric dipole.
  3. Describe the Principle, construction and working of Van de Graff generator.
  4. Derive an expression for the energy stored in a capacitor. Show that whenever two conductors share charges by bringing them into electrical contact, there is a loss of energy.
  5. Derive an expression for the effective capacitance when capacitors are connected in (a) series and (b) parallel
  6. Explain the principle of a capacitor and derive an expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor.
  7. State Gauss theorem and apply it to find the electric field at a point due to (a) a line of charge (b) A plane sheet of charge (c) A Charged spherical conducting shell
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  8. State Coulomb’s law and express it in vector form. Derive it using Gauss theorem.
  9. Derive an expression for the torque on an electric dipole in a uniform electric field.
  10. Derive an expression for the work done in rotating an electric dipole in a uniform electric field
  11. Derive an expression for the energy stored (Potential Energy) in a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  12. Derive an expression for the electrostatic potential energy of a system of point charges
  13. Derive an expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with (a) a dielectric slab (b) a metallic plate in between the plates of the capacitor.
  14. Define electric potential at a point. Derive an expression for the electric potential at a point due to (a) a point charge (b) a system of point charges (c) a dipole.
  15. Show that the work done in an electric field is independent of path.
  16. What are dielectrics? Distinguish polar and nonpolar dielectrics. Define the term Polarization vector.

Current Electricity

  1. Define drift velocity and derive an expression for it.
  2. Derive the expression I=nAevd
  3. Deduce Ohm’s law from elementary ideas and hence write an expression for resistance and resistivity.
  4. Derive an expression for conductivity in terms of mobility
  5. Explain the color coding of carbon resistors.
  6. Derive an expression for the current in a circuit with external resistance R when (a) n identical cells of emf E and internal resistance r are connected in series (b) m identical cells are connected in parallel
  7. State and explain Kirchhoff’s laws.
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  1. State and explain the principle of Wheat Stone’s principle. Deduce it using Kirchhoff’s laws.
  2. Describe how you will determine the resistance of a given wire using Meter Bridge.
  3. Explain the principle of a potentiometer. Describe how will you determine (a) the ratio of emfs of two primary cells using potentiometer. (b) The internal resistance of a primary cell using potentiometer.
  4. Explain the variation of resistance and resistivity with temperature and hence define temperature coefficient of resistance and resistivity.Click Here to see chapter-wise notes for Class 12 Board Exams of Physics.

Magnetic Effect of Current

  1. State Biot- Savart law and apply it to find the magnetic field due to a circular loop carrying current at a point (a) at its centre (b) on the axis
  2. State Ampere’s circuital law and apply it to find the magnetic field (a) inside a current carrying solenoid (b) inside a current carrying toroid
  3. Apply Ampere’s circuital law to determine the magnetic field at a point due to a long straight current carrying conductor.
  4. Derive an expression for the force on a current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
  5. Derive an expression for the force between long straight conductors carrying current and hence define 1 ampere.
  6. Derive an expression for the torque on a current carrying loop in a uniform magnetic field.
  7. Describe the principle construction and working of a Moving coil galvanometer.
  8. Describe the conversion of a moving coil galvanometer into (a) Ammeter (b) Voltmeter
  9. What is radial magnetic field? What is its importance in a moving coil galvanometer? How is a radial magnetic field realized in moving coil galvanometers?
  10. Describe the principle construction and working of a cyclotron. Explain why an electron cannot be accelerated using a cyclotron.
  11. Describe the motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field when it enters the field (a) perpendicular to the field lines (b) obliquely making and angle Θ with the field lines
  12. Derive an expression for the magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron and hence define Bohr magneton.

Electromagnetic Induction (EMI)

  1. State and Explain Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction.
  2. State Lenz’ Law and show that it is in accordance with the law of conservation of energy.
  3. Use Lenz’ law to find the direction of induced emf in a coil when (a) a north pole is brought towards the coil (b) north pole taken away from the coil (c) A south pole is brought towards the coil and (d) a south pole is taken away from the coil, Draw illustrations in each case.
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  1. What is motional emf. Deduce an expression for it. State Fleming’s right hand rule to find the direction of induced emf.
  2. What are eddy currents? Describe the applications of eddy currents.
  3. Explain the working of (a) Electromagnetic Brakes (b) Induction Furnace
  4. Which physical quantity is called the INERTIA OF ELECTRICITY? Why is its called so?
  5. Define self induction and self inductance. What is its unit? Write its dimensions.
  6. Derive an expression for the self inductance of a long solenoid.
  7. Explain the phenomenon of mutual induction and define mutual inductance. Write the unit and dimensions of mutual inductance.
  8. What are the factors affecting mutual inductance of a pair of coils? Define coefficient of coupling.
  9. Describe the various methods of producing induced emf. Derive an expression for the instantaneous emf induced in a coil rotated in a magnetic field.
  10. What is displacement current? Explain its need.Click Here to see chapter-wise notes for Class 12 Board Exams of Biology

Alternative Current

  1. Describe the principle construction and working of an AC generator. Draw neat labeled diagram
  2. Define mean value of AC(over a half cycle) and derive an expression for it.
  3. Define RMS value of AC and derive an expression for it.
  4. Show that the average value of AC over a complete cycle is zero.
  5. Show that the current and voltage are in phase in an ac circuit containing resistance only.
  6. Deduce the phase relationship between current and voltage in an ac circuit containing inductor only.
  7. Deduce the phase relationship between current and voltage in an ac circuit containing capacitor only.
  8. Draw the phasor diagram showing voltage and current in LCR series circuit and derive an expression for the impedance
  9. What do you mean by resonance in Series LCR circuit? Derive an expression for the frequency of resonance in LCR circuit.
  10. Distinguish between resistance, reactance and impedance.
  11. Define quality factor (Q factor) of resonance and derive an expression for it.
  12. Describe the mechanism of electromagnetic oscillations in LC circuit and write expression for the frequency of oscillations produced.
  13. Derive an expression for the average power in an ac circuit.
  14. Define power factor. Deduce expression for it and explain wattless current?
  15. Describe the principle construction theory and working of a transformer.
  16. Describe the various losses in a transformer and explain how the losses can be minimized.

Electromagnetic Waves

  1. Explain the inadequacy of Ampere’s circuital law
  2. Describe Hertz experiment to demonstrate the production of electromagnetic waves
  3. Write the properties of electromagnetic waves.
  4. Write any five electromagnetic waves in the order of decreasing frequency and write any two properties and uses of each
  5. Deduce an expression for velocity of em waves in vacuum
  6. Establish the transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  7. Compare the properties of electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves
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