LCM and HCF tricks, problems and formulas
For example: The common multiples of 3 and 4 are 12, 24 and so on. Therefore, LCM is smallest positive number that is multiple of both. Here, LCM is 12.
HCF i.e. Highest Common Factor are those integral values of number that can divide that number. LCM and HCF problems are very important part of all competitive exams.
Some important LCM and HCF tricks:
1) Product of two numbers = (HCF of numbers) x (LCM of numbers)
2) HCF of given numbers always divides their LCM
3) HCF of given fractions = HCF of numerator / LCM of denominator
4) LCM of given fractions = LCM of numerator / HCF of denominator
5) If d is the HCF of two positive integer a and b, then there exist unique integer m and n, such that
d = am + bn
6) If p is prime and a,b are any integer then P (ab ), this implies P(a ) or P(b)
7) HCF of a given number always divides its LCM