What is Power sharing ?
Power sharing is the distribution of power among the organs of the government like – legislature, executive and judiciary or different levels of government etc . It is an intelligent step to ensure the stability of political order.
Comparative study of Belgium and Sri Lanka
Need / Importance of Power Sharing
- It helps in reducing the conflict between various social groups. Hence, power sharing is necessary for maintaining social harmony and peace.
- It also helps in avoiding the tyranny of majority. The tyranny of majority not only destroys the minority social groups but also the majority social group.
- People’s voice forms the basis of a democratic government. Hence, power sharing is essential to respect the spirit of democracy.
- Avoiding conflict in society and preventing majority tyranny are considered as prudential reasons forsharing of power. Maintaining the spirit of democracy is considered as the moral reason for it .
Forms of Power Sharing:
Among Different Organs of Government:
- Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. This type of distribution can be called the horizontal distribution of power.
- This allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers.
Power Sharing at Different Levels:
Power can be shared among governments at different levels. Usually a central government is responsible for the entire nation and state governments are responsible for different units of the federation.
Power Sharing Among Social Groups:
- Power may also be shared among different social groups. In a diverse country; like India; there are various social, linguistic and caste groups and power is shared among each group.
- For example; people from the minority communities, OBCs, and SC & ST are given reservation so that there could be adequate representation for them in the government machinery.
Power Sharing Among Various Pressure Groups and political parties
- Power can also be shared among various political parties is more apparent for most of the people. Usually the largest political party or the largest political coalition becomes the ruling party. The other parties form the opposition.
- Pressure groups also get their share in power. For example; the trade unions, ASSOCHAM, students’ union, etc. get some power by certain mechanisms. Representatives of these associations become part of many decision making bodies and thus enjoy their share of power.
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