Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources

Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources

Vitamins Chemical Name Solubility Deficiency disease Overdose disease Food sources
Vitamin A Retinol Fat Night-blindness, Hyperkeratosis, and Keratomalacia Hypervitaminosis A Orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach, liver, soy milk, milk
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Water Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome Drowsiness or muscle relaxation with large doses. Pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes, liver, eggs
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Water Ariboflavinosis Dairy products, bananas, popcorn, green beans, asparagus
Vitamin B3 Niacin, niacinamide Water Pellagra Liver damage and other problems Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid Water Paresthesia Diarrhea; possibly nausea and heartburn. Meat, broccoli, avocados
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal Water Anemia peripheral neuropathy. Impairment of proprioception, nerve damage Meat, vegetables, tree nuts, bananas
Vitamin B7 Biotin Water Dermatitis, enteritis Raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, certain vegetables
Vitamin B9 Folic acid, folinic acid Water Megaloblastic anemia and Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects May mask symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency; other effects. Leafy vegetables, pasta, bread, cereal, liver
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin, hydroxycobalamin, methylcobalamin Water Megaloblastic anemia Acne-like rash Meat and other animal products
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid Water Scurvy Vitamin C megadosage Many fruits and vegetables, liver
Vitamin D Cholecalciferol Fat Rickets and Osteomalacia Hypervitaminosis D Fish, eggs, liver, mushrooms
Vitamin E Tocopherols, tocotrienols Fat Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants. Increased congestive heart failure Many fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds
Vitamin K phylloquinone, menaquinones Fat Bleeding diathesis Increases coagulation in patients taking warfarin. Leafy green vegetables such as spinach, egg yolks, liver

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